Eczema Causes, Symptoms, & Alternative Treatments

Living with eczema can be a challenging experience, with its itchy, red, and inflamed skin patches causing discomfort and frustration. Understanding the causes, symptoms, and potential solutions is crucial to manage this condition effectively.

In this blog post, we will explore the multifaceted aspects of eczema, from its causes and symptoms to alternative therapies that can relieve you.

What Causes Eczema?

Eczema, a chronic inflammatory skin condition, can be triggered by various factors contributing to its development and exacerbation. By understanding these causes, individuals can gain insight into managing and preventing flare-ups.

Any one of the following, or any combination of the following, can be the cause of your eczema triggers.


People with eczema could have inherited it.

There is a strong genetic component to eczema, with studies showing that individuals with a family history of allergies or eczema are more likely to develop the condition. Certain gene mutations can affect the skin’s barrier function, making it more susceptible to environmental triggers and allergens.

Environmental Irritants

Exposure to various irritants in the environment can trigger or worsen eczema symptoms. These irritants may include harsh soaps, detergents, fragrances, and certain chemicals. When the skin comes into contact with these substances, it can lead to inflammation and irritation, causing eczema flare-ups.


Allergens play a significant role in eczema, particularly in a type called atopic dermatitis. Common allergens that trigger your atopic dermatitis include pollen, pet dander, dust mites, mold, and certain foods. If you have eczema and come into contact with these allergens, your immune system reacts, triggering an inflammatory response and leading to eczema symptoms.

Lifestyle Choices

Certain lifestyle choices can contribute to your flare-ups. Stress, excessive sweating, and poor skincare routines can disrupt your skin barrier function and trigger inflammation. Additionally, smoking and exposure to secondhand smoke can worsen these flare-ups.

Symptoms of Eczema

Common symptoms associated with eczema vary from person to person and can range in severity. Some of the most prevalent symptoms include:

Itchy and Dry Skin

Skin dryness or skin inflammation

Intense itching is one of the hallmark symptoms of eczema. The affected skin may feel tight, dry, and rough, leading to a constant urge to scratch. Seek an alternative soother other than itching. If you itch too hard, you can break the skin and be at risk for skin infections.


Eczema patches often appear red or inflamed due to increased blood flow to the affected area. This redness can be more prominent during your flare-ups.

Oozing Blisters

In some cases, eczema can lead to the formation of small, fluid-filled blisters. These blisters may ooze and crust over if scratched excessively, causing discomfort and potential skin infections. Eczema treatments are critical at this stage.

Sensitive Skin

Eczema-prone skin tends to be highly sensitive and reactive. It may become easily irritated by certain fabrics, detergents, or other substances that typically would not cause a reaction in individuals without eczema. Prescription medications are often prescribed for these types of atopic eczema flares. Avoiding these irritants is another option.

Thickened, Scaly Skin

Eczema flare-ups might be mistaken for skin diseases.

Over time, chronic eczema can cause the skin to thicken and develop a rough, scaly texture. This is known as lichenification and occurs due to ongoing inflammation and persistent scratching.

Understanding these triggers and symptoms is crucial for effectively managing your eczema. Individuals can relieve symptoms and improve their quality of life by identifying and avoiding specific triggers, implementing proper skincare routines, and seeking appropriate treatment.

Who Does Eczema Affect?

It can affect anyone.

Eczema can affect individuals of all races, ethnicities, family origins, ages, and genders. While the underlying causes of eczema remain relatively consistent across different populations, there may be variations in the prevalence, triggers, and severity of symptoms among different demographic groups. Let’s explore how these factors can influence eczema.


Eczema is a common condition that affects people worldwide. However, studies have shown variations in prevalence among different racial and ethnic groups. For instance, individuals of African, Asian, and Hispanic descent tend to have lower rates of eczema than those of European descent. However, it’s important to note that these differences in prevalence are not absolute and can vary within specific regions and communities.


While the underlying causes of eczema are largely consistent across different populations, specific triggers may vary. For example, certain ethnic groups may be more prone to specific environmental allergens due to cultural or geographical factors. Additionally, individuals with a family history of allergies or eczema may be more likely to develop the condition, regardless of their racial or ethnic background.

Severity of Symptoms

Childhood eczema

The severity of symptoms in eczema can vary among individuals, regardless of their race or ethnicity. Factors such as genetic predisposition, environmental triggers, and individual immune responses can influence the severity of symptoms. It’s important to note that while some individuals may experience mild, intermittent symptoms, others may have more severe and chronic forms of eczema.


Eczema can affect individuals of all ages, from infants to older adults. In infants, eczema often appears on the face and scalp, while in children and adults, it typically affects areas such as the hands, elbows, and behind the knees. Symptoms’ specific distribution and severity can vary based on age, but the underlying causes and triggers remain similar.


Eczema affects males and females, with no significant gender differences in prevalence. However, studies have indicated that certain aspects of eczema may vary by gender. For instance, some research suggests that males may have a higher risk of developing eczema during infancy, while females may experience more severe symptoms during adolescence and adulthood.

It’s essential to approach eczema management individually, considering personal triggers, symptoms, and responses to treatment. Healthcare providers work closely with patients to develop personalized care plans that address their specific needs, regardless of their race, ethnicity, family of origin, age, or gender.

Eczema Affects Various Parts of the Body

The symptoms of eczema can appear on different parts of your body depending on your age and the type of eczema you have. Here are some common areas where symptoms may occur:


      1. Infants and young children


            • Face: Eczema commonly appears on the cheeks, forehead, and around the mouth in infants.

            • Scalp: Cradle cap, a form of eczema, may cause dry, flaky patches on the scalp.

            • Extremities: Eczema can affect children’s elbows, knees, and wrists.

        1. Older children and adults:


              • Flexural areas: Eczema patches may develop in the body’s creases, such as the inner elbows and knees.

              • Hands and feet: Eczema can affect the palms, fingers, soles, and toes, often causing dry, cracked skin.

              • Face and neck: Some individuals may experience facial symptoms, including eyelids and neck.

              • Trunk: Eczema can occur on the chest, back, and abdomen, although it may be less common compared to other areas.

        It’s important to note that the distribution and severity of eczema symptoms can vary among individuals. Some individuals may have localized patches, while others may have widespread involvement. Additionally, scratching or rubbing the affected areas can further irritate the skin and exacerbate symptoms.

        Do not hesitate to consult a healthcare professional, such as a dermatologist, to address your concerns. They can assist with proper diagnosis and a personalized treatment plan based on the specific symptoms and areas affected by eczema flares.

        What are “Alternative Therapies” for Eczema?

        You can manage symptoms with natural substances.

        While traditional medical treatments for eczema, such as topical corticosteroids and immunomodulators, have been the primary approach for managing the condition, there is a growing interest in alternative therapies among individuals seeking additional options or more natural solutions.

        Alternative therapies encompass a range of practices and natural remedies that aim to alleviate symptoms and promote overall skin health. In this section, we will define alternative therapies and explore various natural solutions that have gained popularity in the management of eczema.

        Herbal Remedies

        Relieve itching with natural honey and a colloidal oatmeal bath.

        Herbal remedies have a long history of use in traditional medicine systems, and they are often sought after for their potential benefits in alleviating symptoms of eczema.

        Herbs such as aloe vera, chamomile, calendula, and witch hazel are known for their soothing and anti-inflammatory properties. These herbs can be used topically in creams, ointments, or poultices to reduce redness, itching, and inflammation associated with eczema.

        While some individuals may find herbal remedies helpful, it’s important to note that scientific evidence supporting their efficacy for eczema treatment is limited. Additionally, it’s crucial to be cautious when using herbal remedies, as they can cause allergic reactions or interact with medications.

        Dietary Changes

        Add sunflower seed oil to your salad with some salmon.

        Diet plays a role, particularly in individuals who experience food allergies or sensitivities that trigger an eczema flare-up. Elimination diets are often used to identify specific foods that may worsen symptoms.

        Common food triggers for eczema include cow’s milk, eggs, nuts, wheat, and soy. Individuals can identify and avoid foods that exacerbate their eczema by eliminating these potential triggers from the diet and gradually reintroducing them.

        Additionally, incorporating anti-inflammatory foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids, such as fatty fish, flaxseeds, and walnuts, may help reduce inflammation and improve overall skin health.

        However, it’s important to consult with a healthcare professional or a registered dietitian before making significant dietary changes to ensure proper nutritional balance.


        Probiotics are beneficial bacteria that have gained attention for their potential role in managing eczema. Research suggests that specific strains of probiotics may help modulate the immune system and improve gut health, potentially reducing eczema symptoms.

        Probiotics can be consumed through fermented foods like yogurt, kefir, and sauerkraut or supplements. While some evidence supports the use of certain probiotic strains in eczema management, more research is needed to determine the specific strains, dosages, and effectiveness in different populations.

        Moisturizers and Natural Oils

        Keeping the skin well-moisturized is crucial for managing eczema.

        Olive oil to moisturize.

        Natural oils, such as coconut, jojoba, and almond, are popular for their moisturizing and soothing properties. These oils can help hydrate the skin, reduce dryness, and alleviate itchy skin. Tea Tree oil is also a beneficial oil that can help to soothe dry skin and fight infections.

        Applying natural oils immediately after bathing or showering helps trap moisture and create a protective barrier on the skin. One that works well in our family is virgin coconut oil.

        However, it’s important to note that while natural oils may relieve some individuals, they may not suit everyone, and individual reactions can vary.

        As stated before, seek a healthcare provider’s advice if your symptoms are not improving.

        When should I see my healthcare provider?

        While self-care and natural remedies can be beneficial for managing eczema, it’s crucial to know when it’s time to seek professional medical advice. Healthcare providers rely on specific questions and assessments to provide an accurate diagnosis.

        Combining knowledge, self-care, and professional guidance allows eczema individuals to control their skin health and live more comfortably.

        Managing My Symptoms of Eczema

        Managing eczema involves a multifaceted approach that addresses the mind and body. In Part 2, we’ll explore strategies for effectively managing eczema, including lifestyle modifications, proper skin care, and stress reduction techniques. By understanding these management techniques, you can gain control over your symptoms and improve your quality of life.

        Read Part 2 of this blog post: Natural Remedies to Soothe Eczema.

        Learn More

        To learn more, The National Eczema Association is an excellent resource.

        You can also check out our podcast: Eczema Solutions, with Dr. Walt, where we had a wonderful, in-depth conversation. He shared how his struggles with severe eczema led to creating products in his kitchen to treat his itchy skin. This solution led him down an entrepreneurial journey, where his successful company, Dr. Walt’s Co., was born.

        Share this blog post if you know anyone that suffers from eczema. You might help them learn something new.

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